Posts Tagged ‘ apache ’

Changing default apache page on Ubuntu


Open your Apache configuration file httpd.conf

on ubuntu it is in /etc/apache2/httpd.conf and open it using

sudo gedit /etc/apache2/httpd.conf

then put your desired filename on directory index—

DirectoryIndex index.html index.htm default.htm index.php index.pl

Changing default apache page on Ubuntu

Open your Apache configuration file httpd.conf

on ubuntu it is in /etc/apache2/httpd.conf and open it using

sudo gedit /etc/apache2/httpd.conf

then put your desired filename on directory index—

DirectoryIndex index.html index.htm default.htm index.php index.pl

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Simple steps to setting up virtual host host on Ubuntu Server


Virtual host is a virtual environment over the top of your current web server to simulate a separate hosting environment. Using virtual host you can enable site specific features and keep your development environment totally separate from another one.

For tutorial you need to mod_rewrite enabled.

Step 1: setup hosts file

open /etc/hosts and add a virtual domain with a specific local IP.

Lets assume that our virtual domain name is “ruzdi.com” and It will listen to the ip “127.0.0.2″

so on /etc/hosts file we will add

127.0.0.2 ruzdi.com

now whenever you browse http://ruzdi.com your browser will actually hit http://127.0.0.2

Step2: configure virtual host with apache
Now goto /etc/apache2/sites-available and create a file named “ruzdi.com

sudo touch ruzdi
sudo gedit /etc/apache2/sites-available/ruzdi

write the following contents inside. but please note to create the appropriate directory before linking your virtual host with that, for example we’ve create a folder named “/var/opt/ruzdi” and linked that directory as my document root in the following configuration file.



<VirtualHost 127.0.0.2:80>
        ServerName  ruzdi.com
        ServerAlias  ruzdi.com
        ServerAdmin admin@ruzdi.com
        DocumentRoot /opt/ruzdi
        <Directory /opt/ruzdi/>
                Options FollowSymLinks
                AllowOverride All
        </Directory>

</VirtualHost>

now create a symbolic link of this file to /etc/apache2/sites-enabled directory as “ruzdi.com

sudo ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/ruzdi /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/ruzdi

**** here look directory location is /opt/ruzdi so you must create a directory named “ruzdi” on /opt location

Step 3: restart apache

simple, either one of the followings

sudo a2ensite ruzdi

And

sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

now on your browser to http:// ruzdi.com

***This is post is similar Hasin Hyder blog post I just change a little. In my case on the hosts file port was not working so I removed it and I got everything all right.

source :

Apache

Hasin Hyder

Simple steps to install Apache, MySql , PHP (LAMP) and PhpMyAdmin On Ubuntu Server


Install mysql :

First we install MySQL 5 like this:

sudo apt-get install mysql-server mysql-client

You will be asked to provide a password for the MySQL root user – this password is valid for the user root@localhost as well as root@server1.example.com, so we don’t have to specify a MySQL root password manually later on:

New password for the MySQL “root” user: <– yourrootsqlpassword
Repeat password for the MySQL “root” user: <– yourrootsqlpassword

Install apache:

Apache2 is available as an Ubuntu package, therefore we can install it like this:


sudo apt-get install apache2

Now direct your browser to http://localhost/ and you should see the Apache2 placeholder page (It works!):

Apache Test

Apache Test

Apache’s default document root is /var/www on Ubuntu, and the configuration file is /etc/apache2/apache2.conf. Additional configurations are stored in subdirectories of the /etc/apache2 directory such as /etc/apache2/mods-enabled (for Apache modules), /etc/apache2/sites-enabled (for virtual hosts), and /etc/apache2/conf.d.

Install php:

We can install PHP5 and the Apache PHP5 module as follows:


sudo apt-get install php5 libapache2-mod-php5

We must restart Apache afterwards:


sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

Testing PHP5 / Getting Details About Your PHP5 Installation

The document root of the default web site is /var/www. We will now create a small PHP file (info.php) in that directory and call it in a browser. The file will display lots of useful details about our PHP installation, such as the installed PHP version.


sudo gedit /var/www/info.php

and write —

<?php
phpinfo();
?>

Now we call that file in a browser (e.g. http://localhost/info.php):

PHP Test

PHP Test

As you see, PHP5 is working, and it’s working through the Apache 2.0 Handler, as shown in the Server API line. If you scroll further down, you will see all modules that are already enabled in PHP5. MySQL is not listed there which means we don’t have MySQL support in PHP5 yet.

Getting MySQL Support In PHP5

To get MySQL support in PHP, we can install the php5-mysql package. It’s a good idea to install some other PHP5 modules as well as you might need them for your applications. You can search for available PHP5 modules like this:

sudo aptitude search php5

Pick the ones you need and install them like this:

sudo apt-get install php5-mysql php5-curl php5-gd php5-idn php-pear php5-imagick php5-imap php5-mcrypt php5-memcache php5-mhash php5-ming php5-ps php5-pspell php5-recode php5-snmp php5-sqlite php5-tidy php5-xmlrpc php5-xsl php5-json

Now restart Apache2:

sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

Now reload http://localhost/info.php in your browser and scroll down to the modules section again. You should now find lots of new modules there, including the MySQL module.

Install php gd library :


sudo apt-get install php5-gd

Enable rewrite module

sudo a2enmod rewrite

Now restart Apache2:


sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

Cnage apache settings —

Run the followint command

sudo gedit /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/000-default

then change –


<Directory /var/www/>

Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews

AllowOverride None

Order allow,deny

allow from all

</Directory>

to


<Directory /var/www/>

Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews

AllowOverride all

Order allow,deny

allow from all

</Directory>

install  phpMyAdmin

PhpMyAdmin  is a web interface through which you can manage your MySQL databases. It’s a good idea to install it:

sudo apt-get install phpmyadmin

You will see the following questions:

Web server to reconfigure automatically: <– apache2
Configure database for phpmyadmin with dbconfig-common? <– No

Afterwards, you can access phpMyAdmin under http://localhost/phpmyadmin/:

Phpmyadmin Test

Phpmyadmin Test